Cat care and cat psychology. Not only does a cat need food and exercise that is appropriate for its age and health, but one of the most important things to raise a happy cat is its emotional health and care.
Your cat’s emotional needs depend on her character, age, and lifestyle. If your cat spends most or all of its time at home, it may be more dependent on you – you are its caregiver and provider of emotional well-being. For such a smart and emotionally intelligent animal to be happy, it sometimes takes effort and imagination, especially if the cat does not use innate instincts to survive on the field itself.
A brief history of cats
Today’s domestic cats are descended from wild cats – attracted by favorable circumstances about 4,000 years ago – in early Middle Eastern and North African civilizations, grain warehouses abounded in abundance of mice. Today, cats are more often born at home than in the wild and live a lifetime fed and loved as family members – their way of life is far from reminiscent of hermit ancestors!
There are about 50 species of purebred cats in the world, but most of the world has the most amazing, diverse colors and fur cats of simple breeds.
When a cat is doing something (like hunting), that activity is likely to have to meet some need. Here are three main types of cat needs: psychological positive systems:
- Reward (or simply aspiration) system;
- Care system;
- Game system.
Every need leads to a certain behavior of the cat because it wants to meet that need! When your cat does something like hunting, she gets into more than one of these needs. For example, hunting can be a reward (the reward is the mouse it eats), as well as a game.
Other emotional systems of cats are passion, fear, panic, anger. All of these systems are common to all mammalian species, from mice to monkeys.
In short, cats, like ours, have different emotional needs and need to be met. Without the ability to meet these needs, your cat will not learn much, will not have a strong connection with you and other people, and will not be able to fully enjoy life. That’s why it’s so important to understand your cat’s emotional needs. If these needs are met, your cat will be happy and delight you too!
In short, the cat’s psyche is such that the pursuit of reward provides motivation to look for the most important things, such as food and water. You could say it supports her life! A cat, like us, seeks to experience pleasurable feelings, such as lounging in the sun and playing with people, by associating reward. None of these actions they need to do for survival, but it is definitely a reward for them as it evokes pleasant feelings.
Cats evolved to hunt for food. Of course, now your cat no longer needs to be hunted because you are feeding her nutritious and balanced food. But the cat’s brain and emotional system are still functioning as if it were hunting! That’s why it’s so important to take care of a cat to let it behave in a way that doesn’t make you feel frustrated.
Instead of hunting rodents (but she can still hunt them), the cat will be happy to play games that will encourage her to chase and dance. So, for example, moving toys for cats will allow you to express this behavior and meet your needs. When you play with your pet, you will see that she is watching, lurking, chasing, grabbing, biting and “killing”!
If you play these games together, you will not only make a nice connection, but you will also protect yourself from the usual behavioral problems. Still considering how to make sure your cat is happy and how to allow this behavior to occur? It is best to encourage the cat to play several times a day – to chase a toy or a ball attached to a “fishing rod”, and the cat would like to lurk and chase other cats or even a family dog in a friendly way!
The mammal care system was formed to establish a closer bond between parents and offspring, so that parents could instinctively care for their children and care for them for much longer than any other animal. This behavior helps to survive and is still common in cats.
The care system also gives mammals (including us) the ability to enter into all sorts of other relationships. Cats have evolved so that adults remain as addicted as kittens. Especially if they are bred as housekeepers and the owners caress and take care of them, even if in the field such cats are completely independent and true self-confident hunters!
Some adult cats really like the company of other cats, others don’t care at all. Some even defend their territory from other cats – each cat is different. Cats behaving in this way are by nature more prone to loneliness and have the companionship of a loving owner at all. For a cat to be happy and have a good relationship with her, you don’t have to chase her around the house to show her tenderness – it can make her anxious and distract you from you. Rather, rejoice with her when she feels happy, and as soon as you can, pay attention to her when she asks for it, pat, gently comb, and cuddle.
The game system is like this – cats need to play so they can learn things they will have to pay well, like hunting! It’s more than an opportunity for a cat to learn essential skills along with other litter kittens. This is an essential emotional system, very important for your cat to feel good.
Young cats in particular express and learn various behaviors during play that seek reward and motivate them to explore the environment. Cats especially like to play games from the hunting repertoire – lurk, chase, attack and even bite each other! There is no need to worry about this behavior – it all shows that the cat is happy.
The cat will soon learn to play more gently with other litter kittens and owners, and will focus all the predator’s attention on the toys. However, such games – gently chasing and dancing on top of each other – will continue to be important for cats to build healthy social relationships, especially if two cats or more cats live in the same house.
When they play, the cats are relaxed and do not feel threatened. In this way, the play system allows cats to express the need to make a connection – this need stems from the care system. It can be said that those who play together and stay together!
To keep your cat happy and to keep you in touch, you should continue to encourage her to play with a variety of toys on a daily basis – and do so for the rest of her life. Your cat is very curious about everything that can be moved or shaken!
Always be happy
In order to feel happy, cats, like all mammals, need to feel satisfied, so it is important that they are regularly given the opportunity to exhibit natural behaviors. Feeding, physical contact, combing and playing together – these are the cat’s favorite things – thankfully, it’s all part of raising and caring for your cat, which brings a lot of joy!